Eugene Iverd

Appraisal Event Finds: A Saturday Evening Post Original Painting

Eugene IverdThis Eugene Iverd painting was the hidden treasure of the appraisal booth at the Niskayuna Reformed Church’s Antique Show on Friday, January 19th. The show had a wonderful selection of vendors and attendees brought a great variety of antiques for Mark to appraise.

Eugene Iverd (1893-1936), born George Melvin Erickson, was a Minnesota artist well-known in the 1920s for his paintings and illustrations. He submitted his first picture to The Saturday Evening Post in 1926 with them publishing his first artwork on the March 13th cover of the same year. During his career, Iverd produced 55 magazine covers and approximately 60 advertisements for clients including Campbell’s Soup Company and Monarch Foods.

This beautiful painting, entitled ‘Lighting the Pumpkin,’ was published on the cover of the November 3, 1934 issue of The Saturday Evening Post. The framed painting, measuring approximately 26″ x 18″, wowed onlookers with its beauty. The young girl makes eye contact with the viewer, a bright smile on her face. Light spills from the jack-o-lantern as the young boy in costume, his face covered in glee, puts a match into it. Beyond the warm glow, pairs of spooky eyes emerge from the darkness.

Eugene IverdThe artworks of The Saturday Evening Post have always had a special place in the heart of America. There is a certain nostalgia for the jolly characters that graced the cover each week. ‘Lighting the Pumpkin’ is an exquisite example that is estimated at $10,000-$20,000.

To view more of Eugene Iverd’s covers of The Saturday Evening Post visit here.

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Saratoga chip serving spoon - Whiting sterling silver, Empire pattern

Serving Up Local History: Saratoga Chips

The holiday season is upon us! As our thoughts turn towards warm gatherings of friends and families around the table, let’s take a look at Saratoga Springs’ most famous family recipe: the Saratoga chip. The history of Saratoga chips is controversial, passed down word-of-mouth through local legend and lore, embellished by some sources, disputed hotly by others. Although many of the specifics about the Saratoga chip’s invention can’t be verified, it can certainly be said that the thin crispy slices of fried potato were made famous in Saratoga Springs in the mid 1800s.

During the early and mid 19th century, potatoes were often served in what was popularly known as the French style: cut into thick slices and fried. These pommes de terre frites à cru, or “potatoes deep-fried while raw”, were served by President Thomas Jefferson in the White House. By 1813, many popular American cookbooks had recipes for fried potatoes. By 1859, the The Economical Cookery Book for Housewives, Cooks, and Maids-of-all-work by Eliza Warren used the term “French fried potatoes” for the first time in published history.

Saratoga Chips - Moon's Lake House, Saratoga Springs NY

Legend has it that the Saratoga chip was invented around 1853 by George Crum, an African-American cook at Moon’s Lake House, a restaurant on the shore of Saratoga Lake. One day, a wealthy patron came in and ordered the house specialty: Moon’s fried potatoes. But, when he received his order, he sent them straight back to the kitchen, claiming they were too thick and soggy to eat. Crum sliced a thinner batch of potatoes, fried them, and sent them out to the customer only to have them sent back again, this time accompanied by the imperious one-word demand, “Thinner!” The story goes that George Crum did not appreciate criticism of his cooking abilities and decided to teach this demanding customer a lesson. Crum sliced the potatoes paper thin, salted them heavily, and fried the heck out of them until they were crispy and brittle, too brittle to be eaten with a fork without shattering (and since no polite gentleman would have eaten with his fingers in public, this was the cherry on Crum’s spite sundae).

Much to Crum’s surprise, the picky customer loved the brittle, salty, deep-fried potatoes. According to lore, the customer even requested a second batch! (However, the stories do not relate whether the gentleman ate them with his fingers after all.)

And so the Saratoga chip became the new house specialty at Moon’s Lake House. In 1860, no doubt inspired by the success of his invention, George Crum opened his own restaurant in Saratoga Springs, located on Malta Ave near Saratoga Lake. His restaurant was widely patronized by the wealthy elite of the day like the Vanderbilts, Jay Gould, and Henry Hilton. It is claimed that Crum placed boxes or baskets of Saratoga chips onto each table, marketing them as “take-out” boxes. The Saratoga chip rapidly gained in popularity and spread across the nation. Eventually they were re-named by the generic term “potato chip” as new businesses emerged, building factories to mass produce the now beloved snack.

Saratoga chip serving spoon - Whiting sterling silver, Empire patternThe widespread popularity of the Saratoga chip in the mid and late 19th century was reflected in the silverware of the day. The wealthy elite of the Gilded Age embraced conspicuous displays of excess, and loved to set a lavish dinner table with sterling silver flatware covering every inch. Silversmiths of the day obliged by creating unique serving pieces for each type of food: asparagus tongs, game shears, grape shears, nut picks, butter picks, butter knives, berry spoons, clear soup (bouillon) spoons, cream soup spoons, breakfast coffee spoons, dinner coffee spoons, and many more. The Saratoga chip was so popular that it earned its own dedicated serving piece: the Saratoga chip server. The serving piece features a wide flattened bowl with pierced detailing to drain any excess grease. Pictured above right is a 19th century Saratoga chip server from Whiting, in sterling silver, in the Empire pattern.

The American Pure Food Cookbook and Household Economist, published in 1899, provided the American public with a recipe for making Saratoga chips, as well as suggesting several different menus for breakfast, lunch, or dinner that incorporated the chip as a side or appetizer. One suggestion for breakfast pairs the Saratoga chips with fried chicken, sliced pineapple, steamed oatmeal, mushroom omelet, and coffee. The cookbook’s menu suggestions were tailored “[to] be within the reach of the average household at all times. These menus have also been prepared with another idea in view; namely, that of affording the variety which the latest scientific investigations in dietetics have shown to be necessary for the best nourishment of the human body.”

Saratoga Chips recipe - Saratoga Springs NY

It’s always a pleasant surprise when a client brings in a group of sterling silver flatware for evaluation and we discover a Saratoga chip server. Saratoga’s rich history and unique past makes for some very interesting finds and historical memorabilia. As we sit down for Thanksgiving dinner and contemplate the upcoming holidays, we can be thankful for the multifaceted history that surrounds us here in Saratoga Springs and the entire Capital Region.

Do you have any Saratoga Springs historical memorabilia? If you would like to sell Saratoga Springs memorabilia, and would like to schedule an appointment for a free evaluation, call us today at (518) 587-8787. We have offices in Saratoga Springs and Colonie, conveniently located for our clients in the Albany, NY and surrounding Capital Region.

 

Additional Resources:

The American Pure Food Cookbook and Household Economist, David Chidlow, 1899 (full text)

The Economical Cookery Book, Eliza Warren, 1859 (full text)

Chips, Crums & Specks of Saratoga County History, a local historian’s blog about George Crum

Pre 1964 US Silver Coins

Looking at Coins: Pre-1964 US Silver Coins

Pre 1964 US Silver CoinsWhen helping clients settle an estate or prepare for an estate sale, the most common type of collectible coins we see are American silver dollars, half dollars, quarters. and dimes. The United States has been minting and issuing its own official coinage in gold, silver, copper, and nickel (along with various mixtures of nickel and copper) since 1793. From the 18th century until 1964, US silver coins were comprised of 90% pure silver alloyed with 10% other metals in order to make the coins more durable and less prone to wear. Silver and gold coins intended for circulation as currency are typically made this way because these metals in their pure state are very soft and wear very quickly – this is also why pure gold or silver jewelry is rarely made.

There’s a wide range in value for US pre-1965 coins, but we can help you figure out what it is you have. In the United States, the dimes, quarters, and half dollars coins minted in 1964 and earlier are 90% silver. These coins include:

  • Morgan and Peace dollars
  • Liberty Head (aka Barber), Walking Liberty, Franklin, and Kennedy half dollars 1964 and older
  • Liberty Head (aka Barber), Standing Liberty, and Washington quarters 1964 and older
  • Liberty Head (aka Barber), Winged Liberty Head (commonly called “Mercury”), and Roosevelt dimes 1964 and older
  • Jefferson “Wartime” nickels

These kinds of coins are sometimes called “junk silver” by coin collectors and dealers. They are typically common coins, minted in large quantities and easily found even today. However, there are some exceptions to these otherwise common coins. Most Morgan and Peace dollars, unless terribly worn or damaged, always have at least a small collectible or numismatic value above their silver value. There are also truly rare and collectible coins in these categories such as the 1916-D Mercury dime, the 1938-D Walking Liberty half dollar, and coins in high grades of uncirculated condition (as if they just came from the mint) which are very rare and prized by collectors.

The value of common pre-1964 US silver coins changes as the price of silver ebbs and flows in the global market, and is also affected by the global industrial demand for silver. The value of US silver coins is mostly based on the silver content and is typically expressed as a value of the face value. For example, if the junk silver price is $10 for every $1 of face value, a dollar’s worth of 90% silver coins would be worth $10, a half dollar would be $5, a quarter $2.50, and a dime would be worth $1.

The best word of advice is to always double check your coins before making a decision about what to do with them. A while ago, we had a client who brought in a World War II ammo case full of silver dimes from their parent’s basement, one of two boxes the parents had filled with dimes throughout their lives. Our client’s box ended up revealing $5,000-10,000 worth of 90% silver dimes, as calculated at the silver price of the day. The sister who inherited the other ammo case took it to a change machine and received $600-700 for the coins’ face value. Sadly, she had no recourse, and the true value of those silver coins was lost to the change machine.

Do you have coins you would like to investigate selling? Contact us by email or call us at (518) 587-8787.

Are you looking to identify a coin? Here’s a quick reference for the US 90% silver coins we see most often.

Morgan Dollar - US Silver Coins
Morgan Dollar – minted from 1878 to 1904, and then again in 1921. Named after its designer, George T. Morgan.
Peace Dollar - US Silver Coins
Peace Dollar – minted from 1921 to 1928, and then in 1934 and 1935. Named for the legend ‘Peace’ on the reverse.
Barber Half Dollar - US Silver Coins
Liberty Head or Barber Half Dollar – Minted from 1892 to 1915. Named after its designer, Charles E. Barber.
Walking Liberty Half Dollar - US Silver Coins
Walking Liberty Half Dollar – Minted from 1916 to 1947. Designed by Adolph A. Weinman.
Franklin Half Dollar - US Silver Coins
Franklin Half Dollar – Minted from 1948 to 1963. Designed by John R. Sinnock.
Kennedy Half Dollar - Pre-1964 US Silver Coins
Kennedy Half Dollar – Minted in 90% silver only in 1964. Minted in 40% silver from 1965 to 1970.
Barber Quarter - US Silver Coins
Liberty Head or Barber Quarter – Minted from 1892 to 1916. Named after its designer, Charles E. Barber.
Standing Liberty Quarter - US Silver Coins
Standing Liberty Quarter – Minted from 1916 to 1930. Designed by Hermon Atkins MacNeil.
Pre-1964 Washington Quarters - US Silver Coins
Washington Quarter – Minted in 90% silver from 1932 to 1964. Designed by John Flanagan.
Barber Dime - US Silver Coins
Liberty Head or Barber Dime – Minted from 1892 to 1916. Named after its designer, Charles E. Barber.
Mercury Dime - US Silver Coins
Mercury Dime – Minted from 1916 to 1945. Depicts the goddess Liberty, misidentified as Mercury due to her winged cap.
Pre-1964 Roosevelt Dimes - US Silver Coins
Roosevelt Dime – Minted in 90% silver from 1946 to 1964. Released on January 30, 1946, which would have been Roosevelt’s 64th birthday.
Wartime Jefferson Nickles - US Silver Coins
‘Wartime’ Jefferson Nickels – Minted in 35% silver from mid-1942 to 1945. Easily identified by a large mint mark (S, D, or P) over the Monticello dome.

 

Do you have questions about buying and selling gold, platinum, or silver bullion coins? Call us at (518) 587-8787 or email us at marklawsonantiques@gmail.com.

The Chinese Ding Bowl: Could It Happen To You?

Ding-bowlThree years ago in March, the world was fascinated to learn that an incredibly rare Chinese Ding bowl sold at auction for $2.2 million after being discovered at a local yard sale for $3. The now famous Chinese bowl was crafted 1,000 years ago during the Northern Song dynasty. “Ding” wares are celebrated among collectors for their delicately thin carved walls, feather light weight, and fluid naturalistic designs. Only one other bowl of this age, size, and style is known to exist and is housed at the British Museum. Sold for only $3 at a yard sale somewhere in upstate New York (our own backyard!), the bowl sat on a mantle for years until the lucky owners got curious about their garage sale find and started digging around. A quick trip to an appraiser led to the bowl’s record-breaking sale at Sotheby’s in March 2013.

The odds seem incredibly small, don’t they? It’s hard to believe, but this kind of thing really happens and it happens quite often! Rare and valuable finds can and do turn up in the most unlikely of places. A £53.1 million Chinese vase sat unnoticed in a modest London home for years until it was discovered in 2010. An art collection worth $30 million was found in a Long Island garage in 2013. More recently, an extraordinarily rare Ty Cobb baseball card (part of a group known as The Lucky Seven valued in the seven figures) was found in a brown paper bag and nearly thrown in the trash

Everyone hopes that they could be the next lucky person to stumble across a valuable piece of Chinese porcelain, a lost Old Master painting, a one-of-a-kind baseball card, or a rare coin. The easiest way to be that lucky person? Don’t have a garage sale or yard sale without having your stuff checked out first!

For example, in 2009 a woman bought a very small unsigned oil painting for $1-2 at a yard sale in the Saratoga Springs / Albany region. She had a feeling the painting might be worth more and brought it to Mark Lawson Antiques for us to take a closer look. The unassuming painting was by the famed local folk artist Grandma Moses and brought the observant woman $7,500 at auction.

clovioOr, in 2006, an elderly woman in the Adirondacks uncovered an interesting painting in the family storage unit. The painting was so vibrant it looked as though it had been painted yesterday. She brought the painting to Mark Lawson Antiques and discovered the painting was the work of the Renaissance artist Giulio Clovio. The discovery of a previously unknown Old Master painting drew the interest of collectors worldwide; the painting was purchased by the Croatian Ministry of Culture for $84,155 and returned to the country of Clovio’s birth.

Are you thinking of having a garage sale or yard sale? Your storage unit, attic, garage, or basement might have an amazing find just waiting to be discovered. Email us at marklawsonantiques@gmail.com or call us at (518) 587-8787 and we’ll help make sure you don’t miss out!

Paul Stankard art glass paperweight

Art Glass Paperweights by Paul Stankard

Paul Stankard art glass paperweightWe recently came across an art glass paperweight by the renowned American artist Paul Stankard. These paperweights are masterpieces of glassblowing and command very attractive prices in today’s market; we’re always pleased to see one of these beautiful works of art. Paul Stankard is considered by many to be a living master in the art of the paperweight.

Born in 1943, Paul Stankard began his glassblowing career by creating scientific instruments for chemical laboratories. He began producing glass paperweights in his spare time to fulfill his creative drive, moving to working as an artist full time after an internationally respected art dealer happened to see his early paperweights at a craft exhibit on the Atlantic City boardwalk.

Paul Stankard art glass paperweightA paperweight made by Paul Stankard is immediately recognizable by the remarkably lifelike designs suspended within. Stankard is often considered the father of modern art glass paperweights. Before him, floral art glass paperweights usually featured brightly colored, botanically incorrect designs. Stankard dedicated himself to creating highly detailed, highly realistic creations. The extraordinary lifelike depiction of plants, flowers, and insects is a remarkable achievement in glassblowing.

The artistry evident in these paperweights make them desirable to collectors, with a strong presence in the current market. Do you collect paperweights? Who is your favorite artist in glass?

Paul Stankard art glass paperweightPaul Stankard art glass paperweightPaul Stankard art glass paperweight

 

 

 

 

 

 

For more on Paul Stankard, you can visit his website, or click here to watch a CBS Sunday Morning segment on his life and work.

 

 

An Estate Jewelry Find from Johnstown, NY

Emerald Ring Johnstown NYWe recently sold a beautiful piece of estate jewelry for a client from Johnstown, New York. While visiting our client on a house call in Johnstown, we were presented with this stunning 20.05 carat natural emerald. After coming to an agreement with our client, we sent the emerald to the Gemological Institute of America where it was professionally graded, which is a typical step in selling a large gemstone at auction. The Gemological Institute of American is the professional standard of diamond and gemstone grading. A professional gemological appraisal from the GIA will often help a large, valuable gemstone sell because it guarantees the stone’s authenticity, origin, color, clarity, cut grade, and carat weight (all important factors in gemstone value). Modern technology can determine with a certain degree of confidence where an emerald was mined; this eye-catching stone likely originated in Colombia.

Emeralds have been treasured for over six thousand years by cultures spanning the globe. Ancient records indicate that emeralds were mined, polished, and sold as gems in Babylonian markets as early as 4,000 BCE. The modern term “emerald” is derived from an ancient Persian word meaning “green gem”. The vivid green color of the gemstone has inspired beliefs that the emerald can bring fertility, as well as good fortune, well-being, and love. In the Greco-Roman traditions, the emerald is sacred to the goddess of love Aphrodite/Venus. Cleopatra was known as a passionate fan of emeralds. When the 16th century Spanish Conquistadors invaded South America, they found emerald mines hidden by the Incas, and brought the gemstones back to Europe which immediately fell in love with the luxurious green stones.

Like most gemstones, the value of emerald is determined by its 4 Cs: Color, Clarity, Cut, Carat.

Emerald color is determined by the trace minerals present in the stone. The proportions of chromium, vanadium, and iron determine the color’s hue, saturation, and tone. In general, an emerald with a darker, richer hue of green will be more desirable than lighter green emeralds. The most desirable emeralds have an intense bluish-green or green color. As with most gemstones, a higher grade of clarity is desirable with emeralds. However, due to the way natural emeralds are formed, it is exceedingly rare for an emerald to be entirely free of inclusions. Inclusions (sometimes called “jardins”, or “gardens”) are expected in both natural and synthetic emeralds. The cut of an emerald is expected to be pleasantly symmetrical and proportional that retains a good amount of brilliance.

As with many colored gemstones, the value of the carat weight is directly affected by the color of the gemstone. An emerald with a low carat weight and a rich bluish-green color may be valued higher than an emerald with a high carat weight and a lackluster green color.

We’re always happy to help our clients find the best venue to sell their estate jewelry and antiques. Mark Lawson Antiques has over 20 years of professional experience in evaluating estate jewelry, watches, gold, diamonds, and colored gemstones. With our training from the Gemological Institute of America, we can accurately evaluate the value of your jewelry and gemstones. With our years of experience, we can determine when an item will sell better with additional certifications or appraisals. With our professional contacts in the field, we can help our clients sell their estate jewelry in the best venue for the best price.

In this case, the emerald ring found the best audience at an auction house in New York, NY. At the end of the day, our client in Johnstown received a pleasing sum for her estate jewelry. The emerald sold in October’s Important Jewelry Sale for a hammer price of $9,500.

We make house calls to surrounding towns like Johnstown and Gloversville, in addition to seeing clients in our Saratoga Springs and Colonie. To discuss a house call, or to set up an appointment to bring items in to one of our offices, give us a call at (518) 587-8787 or email us at marklawsonantiques@gmail.com.

Victorian Halloween Postcard

Victorian Halloween Postcards

Victorian Halloween Postcard We’re taking a look at Victorian Halloween postcards today! In the late 19th century, Halloween was an increasingly popular holiday for young adults and children. Halloween’s origins date back thousands of years to the Celtic festival of Samhain (“Sow-in”). The Celts believed that on the night of October 31st, the veil between this world and the next would thin, allowing ghosts (and possibly devils) to wander the land. The following day, November 1st, marked the end of the harvest season and the beginning of the dark winter months. Through the ages, Halloween celebrations were marked with ghost stories, mischief-making, and superstition.

During the Victorian era, American culture shifted toward a more playful vision of the traditional Halloween. Costumes and masks were no longer worn to confuse the walking ghosts, but to celebrate the festivities. And while ghost stories were still told, they began to take on a more romantic emphasis. These Victorian Halloween postcards depict one of the most popular party games of the day: romantic fortune telling.

Victorian Halloween Cards - Romantic Fortune Telling GamesOne of the prevailing beliefs was that a young woman could scry for her future husband using a mirror. Variations included cutting an apple into nine parts; the first eight parts would be eaten while standing in front of a mirror. The ninth apple part would be held over the shoulder “for the spirits”, and in gratitude the spirits would show the face of her future husband. There were many variations of using mirrors to divine the future in the Victorian era; mirrors were commonly believed to be portals to the afterlife. Using a series of mirrors to connect to the spirit world to find a glimpse of your soulmate was considered an exciting yet ultimately harmless undertaking. Gazing into a mirror to see your future or to talk to spirits continues as a Halloween tradition today with the children’s game “Bloody Mary”.

Victorian Halloween Postcards: Ducking for Apples

There were several fortune telling games that relied on apples. Ducking for apples (or “bobbing for apples” as we would call it today) stated that the first person to successfully grab their apple would be the first to marry. Bobbing for apples wasn’t always a fortune telling game, however. Just like today, sometimes bobbing for your apple would simply win you a treat rather than a romantic fortune.

Another apple-centric fortune telling game required a young lady to pare an apple in one long curl. Not only would this bring her good luck, but it would also reveal the first letter of her future husband’s name if she threw the apple peel either over her shoulder or into a bucket of water.

Victorian Halloween Cards: Prophetic CabbagesOne of my personal favorites among the tradition of romantic fortune telling games: prophetic cabbages. This Irish tradition was very simple. On All Hallow’s Eve a hopeful young woman would don a blindfold and run into a field or garden. While still blindfolded she must pluck the first cabbage she encounters out of the ground, roots and all. The ease or difficulty in picking the cabbage would foretell how much effort she would need to put in to win her sweetheart. If the cabbage had straight roots, her future husband would be handsome; crooked roots indicated an ugly husband. If dirt clung to the roots, her sweetheart would be wealthy, while clean roots foretold poverty. The next step was to eat the cabbage. The taste would indicate the temperament of her future husband: sharp, bitter, sweet, tasteless.

Victorian Halloween postcards and early 20th century postcards encompass a staggering variety of designs, many of them charming and unexpected to the modern eye. Here are a few more to leave you in the proper Halloween spirit:

Victorian Halloween PostcardsVictorian Halloween PostcardsVictorian Halloween Postcards

"Hidden Mother" tintype photograph

Hidden Mother Photographs – Behind the Scenes of Early Photography

"Hidden Mother" tintype photographWe recently came across this “Hidden Mother” tintype, just in time for the Halloween season. At first glance, the tintype is simply a charming portrait of a baby. On closer inspection, you can see the half-hidden form of the child’s mother crouching behind the chair. Some people find Hidden Mother photographs a little creepy, but they’re also a really great look behind the scenes of early American photography.

The first publicly announced photographic process was the daguerreotype process, invented by Louis Daguerre. The process required several minutes of exposure in the camera and produced beautifully clear and detailed images. In a daguerreotype, the image is developed on thin silver-plated copper sheets and has a reflective quality that can make it look like the image is floating above the metal’s surface. The surface of the image is quite delicate and would be covered with a protective sheet of glass. Creating a daguerreotype was expensive and time consuming, and by the 1860s it had mostly been replaced by newer, more practical processes like the tintype.

A tintype, also known as a ferrotype, is easily identifiable: the photograph is on a thin sheet of metal coated with a dark lacquer or enamel. While a tintype has a metallic sheen, it is not highly reflective like a daguerreotype and has a noticeably darker tint overall. The tintype process was quick, inexpensive, and durable, and proved to be an immediate public success: a person could sit down, have their photo taken, and walk out with the tintype mere minutes later.

Although tintypes required a shorter exposure time than daguerreotypes, it was a far cry from today’s instant photography. The exposure times could last anywhere from 10-40 seconds depending on the light, making it challenging to photograph small children. The solution for 19th century parents who wanted a clear, non-blurry photograph of their child was the “Hidden Mother” (also sometimes known as “Ghost Mothers”).

Hidden Mother photographs can be found across the spectrum of early photographic types: daguerreotypes, tintypes, and ambrotypes. The photographs may have a disembodied hand reaching out to steady an infant propped up in a chair, or the edge of a mother’s body may be visible as she crouches (mostly out of sight). In other less subtle photos, a child will be seated on her mother’s lap while the mother is entirely covered with a large cloth draped over her head and body. Perhaps the most unnerving of the Hidden Mother photographs are the ones in which the mother’s face was visible in the final photograph– and was then scratched out and obliterated. The photographs would often be mounted or framed with an oval mat to obscure the mother’s form even more.

Tintypes were a popular choice for family portraits in the late 19th century, and retained their popularity, particularly at tourist destinations, well into the 1940s. Tintypes were inexpensive and readily available to nearly everyone, ideal for capturing a child’s first photograph. Hidden Mother photographs are a fascinating and collectible look behind the scenes of the ingenuity used to overcome the technology’s limitations and achieve the perfect child’s portrait.

 

Hidden Mother photograph Hidden Mother Photograph Hidden Mother Photograph

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